PV stands for photovoltaic. Photo = Light and Voltaic = Electricity. A solar cell converts light to electricity.
A solar cell is made of silicon. Computer chips are made of this same material. Basically, when light strikes the surface of a solar cell some of it is absorbed into the silicon. This light energy bumps the electrons loose and causes energy to flow.
By packaging approximately 36 solar cells together a solar panel or a solar module is created. When you have more then one solar panels you create a solar array.
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